Many people focus on one type of goal...the final end result they hope to achieve. But, it is important to realize that there are actually three types of goals, all of which are important to have, in order to reach the big one.
The outcome - the result of THIS. Basically, the end goal…but how do you get there? For example: I will win the 5K race.
What you are doing to DO. This is usually based on past performance. How will you change and improve? For example: I will improve my 5K time by one minute.
This relates to the actions you will take in the long game to accomplish all of the above. This one is most helpful in training. For example: the training plan you will use in order to meet the performance goals (200, 400, 800 m repeats, mobility work, running technique work, etc).
If you neglect performance and process goals, you are neglecting to have a plan. As the old saying goes, “a goal without a plan is just a wish!”
Plus, it’s very satisfying to meet performance and outcome goals. Even if you don’t win the 5K, you still see the progress you’ve made in improving your 5K time and sticking to the process.